A stark ancient land of deep canyons and endless ridges, the Kalmiopsis Wildlands is located along Southwest Oregon’s Wild Rivers Coast in the Klamath-Siskiyou Eco-region. Its hauntingly beautiful rivers are refuge for wild salmon, steelhead and cutthroat trout. They’re a reflection of the diverse, highly dissected, geologically complex landscape they flow through. The botanical richness of the Kalmiopsis Wildlands is legendary. It’s host to one of the highest concentration of rare endemic plants in North America. Frequently desert-like in appearance, because of the unique character of its serpentine terrain, parts of the wildlands can receive 160 or more inches of precipitation annually. Elevations range from 135 to 5,098 feet. Click here for the USDA Forest Service discussion of the Klamath-Siskiyou Mountains: A Center of Diversity, Endemism, and Rarity. At the heart of the wildlands is the 179,000 acre Kalmiopsis Wilderness. Surrounding it are two large roadless areas, the North and South Kalmiopsis and smaller roadless areas—Packsaddle, Briggs, Squaw Mountain, Shasta Costa, Windy Valley and North Fork Smith.
Wild and Scenic Rivers
Three National Wild and Scenic Rivers—the Illinois, Chetco and North Fork Smith—flow through it. Each have nationally outstanding wild fisheries, water quality, recreation and scenery. The USDA Forest Service has found five tributaries of these rivers—Rough and Ready, Baldface, Canyon/Josephine, Silver and Indigo Creeks— nationally outstanding in their own right. They await congressional action to add them to the National Wild and Scenic River System. Additional rivers such as the South Fork Chetco and West Fork Illinois, deserve further consideration.
Surrounding the Kalmiopsis Wilderness are almost 200,000 acres of contiguous Inventoried Roadless and uninventoried roadless area plus smaller adjacent Roadless Areas. In 2004, Secretary of Agriculture, Ann Veneman, recommended Congress add 64,000 acres of the North and South Kalmiopsis Roadless Area to the existing Wilderness. These Forest Service recommendations are a small in comparison to the wild area available for congressional action. Nonetheless they’d be important additions to Kalmiopsis Wilderness and even more important are currently at risk from proposed large scale nickel mining, off-highway vehicle use and introduction of invasive plants and non-native pathogens. The Forest Service recommendations include all or parts of four of the eligible Wild and Scenic Rivers and have high wilderness, ecological, scenic and recreation values.
A West Coast Conservation Priority
Maps from the Pew Environment Group of public lands at risk show why the Kalmiopsis Wildlands is a West Coast conservation priority. It’s the last great opportunity—from the Olympics to Baja— to protect and preserve large roadless area and wilderness watersheds with rivers that are free flowing rivers from their headwaters to the Pacific. That these are rivers with some of the strongest native, naturally reproducing (wild) salmon, steelhead and cutthroat populations in Oregon and California adds imperative to the need to conserve the Kalmiopsis Wildlands.
Soundscapes of the Kalmiopsis Wildlands and Illinois Valley
A soundscape is a collection of sounds that emanates from a landscape. Soundscape ecology is a relatively new scientific discipline of studying soundscapes and how they change overtime. The soundscape of a natural area can tell us a great deal about over all ecosystem health. Sounds also have a big effect on a visitors experience of a natural area.
Leaders in this new field of soundscape ecology are the National Park Service’s Natural Sounds Program, Bernie Krause, an audio engineer and Bryan Pijanowski, Associate Professor of Forestry and Natural Resources at Purdue University.
We’re also learning that natural sounds such as flowing water, bird song and the wind the trees is beneficial to human health and noise detrimental The natural sounds and quiet of the Kalmiopsis Wildlands and surrounding valley areas are increasingly at risk from large scale mining operations, off road vehicle use on trails and old mining tracks and the use of helicopters for test drilling operations.